Why are wetlands important?

The wetlands and watercourses of the State are an interrelated web of nature essential to an adequate supply of surface and underground water; to hydrological stability and control of flooding and erosion; to the recharging and purification of groundwater; and to the existence of many forms of animal, aquatic and plant life.

We depend on wetlands for:

  • Water quality protection
  • Water recharge to aquifers
  • Flood and drought protection
  • Shoreline anchoring and stabilization
  • Sediment trapping and nutrient retention
  • Fish and wildlife habitat
  • Nursery grounds for fish and nutrients essential to animals
  • Release of oxygen through photosynthesis
  • Transforming air pollutant
  • Active and passive recreation